The main purpose of this course is to give an overview of the experimental technique used in particle physics. It covers from the basic principles used to the integration of a full complete detector.
- Formulate and tackle problems, both open and more defined, identifying the most relevant principles and using approaches where necessary to reach a solution, which should be presented with an explanation of the suppositions and approaches.
- Understand the bases of advanced topics selected at the frontier of high energy physics, astrophysics and cosmology and apply them consistently.
- Design a detector for a specific problem of physics.
- Understand the different techniques for particle detection (scintillation, ionisation, Cherenkov light, etc.) 3. Understand the fundamentals of interaction of radiation with matter.
Particle Interactions with matter
- General Considerations
- Atomic ionization and excitation
- Small angle multiple difusion
- Photon interactions with matter
- Electromagnetic Cascades
- Interactions of high-energy muons
- Cherenkov radiation and transition radiation
Review of electronic circuits and other technical aspects
- Circuits with reactive elements
- Propagation of electrical signals in cables
- Photon detectors
- Cherenkov radiation detectors
- Transition radiation detectors
- Thread cameras
- Gas Microdetectors
- Resistive plate chambers
- Time projection chambers
- Semiconductor detectors
Experimental Design Equipment
- Context: fixed target experiments, in the center of mass, or without beaming • Measures of position, time, quadrumoments; particle identification
- Trace and vertex detectors
- Muon spectrometers
- Fixed target Beams: Experiment design
- Colliding beams: Experiment design
- Experiments with neutrinos
- Searching for the proton decay
- Other searches: dark matter, double beta decay